Gum Disease 101: Prevention, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Periodontal health plays a vital role in maintaining your overall well-being and preserving that radiant smile. One of the most common oral health issues encountered by individuals is gum disease, also known as periodontal disease. This chronic condition can lead to severe consequences if not treated promptly and effectively, including tooth loss, gum recession, and systemic health issues.

Gum disease affects the health of the gum tissues and the underlying bone that supports your teeth. It is primarily caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that adheres to your teeth and releases harmful toxins. If plaque is not removed effectively, it can harden into tartar, leading to inflammation and infection in the gums. The early stage of gum disease is called gingivitis, characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to a more severe form of gum disease known as periodontitis. At this stage, gum tissues and the supporting bone begin to break down, resulting in tooth loss and other complications.

Preventing gum disease should be a priority for maintaining a healthy and beautiful smile. However, despite vigilant self-care, many individuals still experience symptoms of gum disease. Early detection is crucial for successful outcomes, so it's essential to be aware of the signs and symptoms, as well as seek professional help when needed. In this blog, we will explore gum disease symptoms, preventive measures, and an overview of the treatments available at Boulder Periodontics for those affected by this prevalent condition.

Preventing Gum Disease: Oral Hygiene Best Practices

Preventing gum disease begins with a consistent and thorough oral hygiene routine. By following these best practices, you can significantly reduce your risk of developing gum disease and maintain a healthy and happy smile:

  1. Brush Regularly: Brush your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste and a soft-bristle toothbrush. Brush for a full two minutes, ensuring that you clean all surfaces of your teeth, along with your tongue and the roof of your mouth.
  2. Floss Daily: Flossing is essential for removing food particles and plaque from between your teeth and under your gumline. Be gentle while flossing to avoid causing any harm to your gums.
  3. Use Mouthwash: Antimicrobial mouthwash can help reduce plaque and prevent gingivitis. However, it should not replace brushing and flossing but rather supplement your daily oral care routine.
  4. Regular Dental Checkups: Schedule dental cleanings and exams every six months. During these visits, your dentist or dental hygienist will remove plaque and tartar that may have built up despite your daily care practices.

Identifying Gum Disease: Common Symptoms and Warning Signs

Early detection of gum disease is crucial for successful treatment outcomes. Stay vigilant and watch out for these common symptoms and warning signs:

  1. Bleeding Gums: Gums that bleed during or after brushing and flossing are often an indication of gingivitis.
  2. Swollen, Red Gums: Healthy gums appear firm and pink. Inflamed, red, or swollen gums may signal gum disease.
  3. Persistent Bad Breath: Chronic bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth can be a sign of an underlying gum infection.
  4. Gum Recession: If your teeth appear longer due to receding gumlines, it may be a sign of periodontitis.
  5. Loose Teeth: Advanced gum disease can cause teeth to loosen, shift, or fall out as bone and gum tissues deteriorate.

If you experience any of these symptoms, visit your dental professional promptly for a proper assessment and diagnosis.

Treating Gum Disease: Advanced Periodontal Solutions at Boulder Periodontics

At Boulder Periodontics, we offer numerous advanced and personalized treatment options for gum disease depending on the severity of the condition, patient preferences, and individual circumstances. Some of these treatment solutions include:

  1. Scaling and Root Planing: This non-surgical procedure is a deep-cleaning method performed under local anesthesia to remove plaque and tartar from under the gumline and smooth the root surfaces. This helps eliminate harmful bacteria and promotes gum reattachment to the tooth.
  2. Laser Periodontal Therapy: This minimally invasive treatment option utilizes a dental laser to target and remove infected gum tissues while preserving healthy structures. The procedure results in reduced bleeding, swelling, and discomfort compared to traditional surgical treatments.
  3. Gum Graft Surgery: For patients who experience gum recession due to periodontitis, gum graft surgery can help restore the lost gum tissue, protect tooth roots, and improve the aesthetics of your smile.
  4. Bone Grafting and Regenerative Procedures: In cases where periodontitis has led to bone loss, bone grafting procedures help promote the regrowth of lost bone and improve the stability of your teeth. This can be particularly crucial when planning to receive dental implants or other tooth replacement options.

Living with Healthy Gums: Long-term Periodontal Care and Maintenance

Successful gum disease treatment results in healthier gums, improved oral health, and better overall well-being. However, ongoing care and maintenance are essential to prevent relapse. Alongside maintaining a diligent oral hygiene regimen, make sure to follow post-treatment recommendations provided by your periodontist, which may include:

  1. Periodontal Maintenance: Scheduling regular dental checkups and more frequent periodontal maintenance visits allows professionals to monitor your gum health, clean your teeth and gums, and address any recurrence of gum disease promptly.
  2. Lifestyle Modifications: Certain lifestyle factors, such as smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, can increase the risk of gum disease development and relapse. Embracing a healthier lifestyle can contribute significantly to the long-term success of your periodontal treatment.
  3. Early Intervention: Listen to your body and be proactive in addressing any new symptoms or concerns regarding your oral health. Early intervention allows for the most effective management of potential periodontal issues.


Gum disease is a common yet potentially severe oral health condition. By understanding its prevention, symptoms, and the cutting-edge treatment options available at Boulder Periodontics, you can make informed decisions for the sake of your oral health. With our commitment to personalized care, first-class specialized dentistry, and a world-class patient experience, we are here to help you achieve and maintain a healthy, beautiful smile for years to come.

At Boulder Periodontics, we are committed to delivering first-class specialized dentistry and ensuring a world-class patient experience through highly personalized care. Our team of experts is experienced in the diagnosis and treatment of gum disease, utilizing state-of-the-art equipment and advanced techniques to deliver exceptional results for our patients. We recognize that each person's needs are unique; therefore, we offer a range of cutting-edge treatment options tailored to every patient's specific situation. From scaling & root planing to gum graft surgery and bone grafting, we’ve got you covered. Don't wait to take control of your periodontal health–book a consultation with our expert team today!

contact us

We would love to hear from you! Please call (303) 449-1301 to set-up an appointment, or click below to send us a message.